Do your rental properties have carbon monoxide detectors? They should. Since January 1, 2011, North Carolina Residential Code has required carbon monoxide alarms to be installed in dwellings.
When is a Carbon Monoxide Alarm required?
Existing homes: For existing one or two family dwellings and townhouses a carbon monoxide alarm will need to be provided anytime that a fuel-fired appliance is installed or replaced. A carbon monoxide alarm must also be provided anytime that interior alterations or repairs are made that require a building permit or anytime an addition is made to the dwelling.
New homes: A carbon monoxide alarm is required in all new one and two family dwellings constructed for which a building permit was issued on or after January 1, 2011. Carbon monoxide alarms are also required in townhouses constructed in accordance with the NC Residential Code effective January 1, 2011.
Rental premises: Landlords should also consult NC General Statute 42-42 for requirements for carbon monoxide alarms in rental units having a fossil fuel burning heater, appliance, fireplace or an attached garage. These requirements (NCGS 42-42) are separate and apart from those found in the NC Residential Code and have been in effect since January 1, 2010.
Where should the Carbon Monoxide Alarm be located?
A carbon monoxide alarm shall be installed outside of the sleeping area(s) in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms to meet the NC Residential Code.
If sleeping areas are widely separated more than one carbon monoxide alarm may be required to accomplish this. You may also consider adding alarms inside the sleeping areas for additional protection.Follow the manufacturer’s installation instructions for the mounting height as carbon monoxide concentrations may be greater closer to floor level.
What types of Carbon Monoxide Alarms are specified by the NC Residential Code?
The NC Residential Code requires carbon monoxide alarms to be listed as complying with UL Standard 2034 and to be installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions. The code does not specify that the alarms be directly connected to an electrical branch circuit. Carbon monoxide alarms may be either battery powered, of the plug-in type or hardwired.Combination carbon monoxide and smoke alarms may be used provided the device(s) are listed and meet the appropriate UL standards.
Do your rental properties have carbon monoxide detectors?